An e-bike battery typically consists of following key components:

Battery Cells

E bike battery packs generally use a type of cell called a 18650which is a type of lithium-ion rechargeable battery. Its name comes from its dimensions: 18mm in diameter and 65mm in length. These cells are widely used in various electronic devices, including laptops, power tools, flashlights, and of course, electric vehicles and eBikes.

The 18650 cell has become popular for use in e-bikes due to its high energy density, relatively low weight, and long cycle life. These cells use lithium-ion chemistry, with variations like lithium cobalt oxide (LiCoO2), lithium manganese oxide (LiMn2O4), lithium nickel cobalt manganese oxide (LiNiCoMnO2 or NCM), or lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4), among others. The most prevalent ones for eBikes are typically lithium nickel cobalt manganese oxide (LiNiCoMnO2 or NCM) or lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4)

In e-bike batteries 18650 cells are often combined into a number of banks to produce a battery pack of the required voltaage and aH. These packs can vary in voltage and capacity depending on the specific requirements of the eBike and the desired range and performance. The 18650 cell’s cylindrical shape allows for efficient packing in battery packs.

Lithium-ion batteries are usually used for e-bike batteries as they have a number of advantages over other battery types.

1. High Energy Density: Lithium-ion batteries can store a large amount of energy in comparison to their size and weight, allowing e-bikes to have a reasonable range without being too bulky or heavy.

2. Durable: Lithium-ion batteries can be charged hundreds and thousands of times giving them a long lifespan.

3. Lightweight: Lithium battereies are lightweight compared to others types such as nickel-metal hydride (NiMH) which makes them ideal for use in e-bikes.

4. Fast Charging: Lithium-ion batteries can be charged relatively quickly compared to other battery types.

Battery Management System (BMS)

The BMS (again, Battery Management System) of a battery pack is the part that regulates both input (charging) and output (discharge) voltage and current from the cells. It ensure safety and longevity of the battery pack by allowing the banks of cells to be “balanced” whilst charging.

Other Parts

Battery Enclosure: The battery cells and BMS are housed within a protective enclosure (usually plastic) to protect them from water etc.
Connector: To connect the battery pack to the motor and controller.
Mounting Mechanism: Some batteries have a mouting mechanism to attach the battery to the bike frame or maybe rails if the battery is contained within the bike’s frame.
Power Switch: Some e-bike batteries include a power switch to turn the battery on or off.
Battery Level Indicator:Often in the form of LED’s to indicate the level of power left in the battery.

View E-Bike Batteries on Amazon